Advertisement
New Zealand markets closed
  • NZX 50

    11,756.00
    -27.39 (-0.23%)
     
  • NZD/USD

    0.6144
    +0.0020 (+0.33%)
     
  • ALL ORDS

    8,058.60
    +59.40 (+0.74%)
     
  • OIL

    78.13
    +0.41 (+0.53%)
     
  • GOLD

    2,344.50
    +10.00 (+0.43%)
     

Is Signify N.V. (AMS:LIGHT) Trading At A 48% Discount?

Key Insights

  • Using the 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity, Signify fair value estimate is €54.73

  • Current share price of €28.38 suggests Signify is potentially 48% undervalued

  • Analyst price target for LIGHT is €34.48 which is 37% below our fair value estimate

How far off is Signify N.V. (AMS:LIGHT) from its intrinsic value? Using the most recent financial data, we'll take a look at whether the stock is fairly priced by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. This will be done using the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Models like these may appear beyond the comprehension of a lay person, but they're fairly easy to follow.

We would caution that there are many ways of valuing a company and, like the DCF, each technique has advantages and disadvantages in certain scenarios. Anyone interested in learning a bit more about intrinsic value should have a read of the Simply Wall St analysis model.

ADVERTISEMENT

See our latest analysis for Signify

The Calculation

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

2032

2033

Levered FCF (€, Millions)

€426.8m

€483.6m

€509.0m

€499.2m

€493.7m

€490.9m

€490.1m

€490.7m

€492.2m

€494.4m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Analyst x4

Analyst x4

Analyst x2

Est @ -1.92%

Est @ -1.12%

Est @ -0.55%

Est @ -0.16%

Est @ 0.12%

Est @ 0.31%

Est @ 0.44%

Present Value (€, Millions) Discounted @ 7.5%

€397

€418

€410

€374

€344

€318

€295

€275

€257

€240

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = €3.3b

After calculating the present value of future cash flows in the initial 10-year period, we need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all future cash flows beyond the first stage. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 0.8%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 7.5%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = €494m× (1 + 0.8%) ÷ (7.5%– 0.8%) = €7.4b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= €7.4b÷ ( 1 + 7.5%)10= €3.6b

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is €6.9b. In the final step we divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of €28.4, the company appears quite good value at a 48% discount to where the stock price trades currently. Valuations are imprecise instruments though, rather like a telescope - move a few degrees and end up in a different galaxy. Do keep this in mind.

dcf
dcf

The Assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Signify as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 7.5%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.465. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

SWOT Analysis for Signify

Strength

  • Debt is not viewed as a risk.

Weakness

  • Earnings declined over the past year.

  • Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Electrical market.

Opportunity

  • Annual earnings are forecast to grow faster than the Dutch market.

  • Trading below our estimate of fair value by more than 20%.

Threat

  • Dividends are not covered by earnings.

  • Annual revenue is forecast to grow slower than the Dutch market.

Next Steps:

Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it shouldn't be the only metric you look at when researching a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Instead the best use for a DCF model is to test certain assumptions and theories to see if they would lead to the company being undervalued or overvalued. For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. Why is the intrinsic value higher than the current share price? For Signify, we've compiled three fundamental factors you should further research:

  1. Risks: We feel that you should assess the 3 warning signs for Signify we've flagged before making an investment in the company.

  2. Future Earnings: How does LIGHT's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.

  3. Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Dutch stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.