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Are Skellerup Holdings Limited (NZSE:SKL) Investors Paying Above The Intrinsic Value?

Key Insights

  • Using the 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity, Skellerup Holdings fair value estimate is NZ$3.65

  • Skellerup Holdings is estimated to be 32% overvalued based on current share price of NZ$4.80

  • Skellerup Holdings' peers seem to be trading at a lower premium to fair value based onthe industry average of -23%

Does the January share price for Skellerup Holdings Limited (NZSE:SKL) reflect what it's really worth? Today, we will estimate the stock's intrinsic value by taking the expected future cash flows and discounting them to today's value. This will be done using the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Don't get put off by the jargon, the math behind it is actually quite straightforward.

We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. If you want to learn more about discounted cash flow, the rationale behind this calculation can be read in detail in the Simply Wall St analysis model.

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See our latest analysis for Skellerup Holdings

The Model

We use what is known as a 2-stage model, which simply means we have two different periods of growth rates for the company's cash flows. Generally the first stage is higher growth, and the second stage is a lower growth phase. To begin with, we have to get estimates of the next ten years of cash flows. Seeing as no analyst estimates of free cash flow are available to us, we have extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the company's last reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, and so the sum of these future cash flows is then discounted to today's value:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) estimate

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

2032

2033

Levered FCF (NZ$, Millions)

NZ$42.9m

NZ$41.9m

NZ$41.6m

NZ$41.6m

NZ$42.0m

NZ$42.5m

NZ$43.2m

NZ$44.0m

NZ$44.9m

NZ$45.9m

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Est @ -4.26%

Est @ -2.25%

Est @ -0.85%

Est @ 0.14%

Est @ 0.82%

Est @ 1.31%

Est @ 1.64%

Est @ 1.88%

Est @ 2.04%

Est @ 2.16%

Present Value (NZ$, Millions) Discounted @ 7.7%

NZ$39.8

NZ$36.2

NZ$33.3

NZ$30.9

NZ$29.0

NZ$27.2

NZ$25.7

NZ$24.3

NZ$23.0

NZ$21.9

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)
Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = NZ$291m

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. The Gordon Growth formula is used to calculate Terminal Value at a future annual growth rate equal to the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield of 2.4%. We discount the terminal cash flows to today's value at a cost of equity of 7.7%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = NZ$46m× (1 + 2.4%) ÷ (7.7%– 2.4%) = NZ$891m

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= NZ$891m÷ ( 1 + 7.7%)10= NZ$424m

The total value is the sum of cash flows for the next ten years plus the discounted terminal value, which results in the Total Equity Value, which in this case is NZ$715m. To get the intrinsic value per share, we divide this by the total number of shares outstanding. Relative to the current share price of NZ$4.8, the company appears potentially overvalued at the time of writing. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcf
NZSE:SKL Discounted Cash Flow January 18th 2024

Important Assumptions

Now the most important inputs to a discounted cash flow are the discount rate, and of course, the actual cash flows. You don't have to agree with these inputs, I recommend redoing the calculations yourself and playing with them. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Skellerup Holdings as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 7.7%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.056. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

SWOT Analysis for Skellerup Holdings

Strength

  • Debt is not viewed as a risk.

Weakness

  • Earnings growth over the past year underperformed the Machinery industry.

  • Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Machinery market.

  • Expensive based on P/E ratio and estimated fair value.

Opportunity

  • Annual earnings are forecast to grow for the next 3 years.

Threat

  • Dividends are not covered by cash flow.

Looking Ahead:

Valuation is only one side of the coin in terms of building your investment thesis, and it is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. It's not possible to obtain a foolproof valuation with a DCF model. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For example, changes in the company's cost of equity or the risk free rate can significantly impact the valuation. What is the reason for the share price exceeding the intrinsic value? For Skellerup Holdings, we've compiled three important elements you should look at:

  1. Risks: Consider for instance, the ever-present spectre of investment risk. We've identified 1 warning sign with Skellerup Holdings , and understanding this should be part of your investment process.

  2. Future Earnings: How does SKL's growth rate compare to its peers and the wider market? Dig deeper into the analyst consensus number for the upcoming years by interacting with our free analyst growth expectation chart.

  3. Other High Quality Alternatives: Do you like a good all-rounder? Explore our interactive list of high quality stocks to get an idea of what else is out there you may be missing!

PS. The Simply Wall St app conducts a discounted cash flow valuation for every stock on the NZSE every day. If you want to find the calculation for other stocks just search here.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.