New Zealand Markets open in 6 hrs 17 mins

Today in History, April 19

AAP and agencies
2014 - The captain of a South Korean ferry that sank killing almost 300 is arrested

HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE

1012 - Archbishop of Canterbury Aelfheah is murdered by Danes ravaging the south of England.

1775 - War of American Independence opens with defeat of British at Lexington and Concord.

1783 - US Congress announces end of War of American Independence.

1824 - English poet Lord Byron dies of a fever while aiding Greek rebels fighting the Turks.

1850 - The Clayton-Bulwer agreement is signed by which Britain and the US agree not to obtain exclusive control of a proposed Panama canal.

1856 - The Adelaide-Port Adelaide Railway is opened.

1882 - Death of British naturalist Charles Darwin, who developed the theory of evolution.

1892 - Prototype of the first commercially successful American car is completed in Springfield, Massachusetts, by Charles Duryea and his brother Frank.

1898 - US Congress passes a resolution recognising Cuban independence and demanding that Spain relinquish authority over the Caribbean island.

1906 - French chemist and physicist Pierre Curie is run over and killed in Paris.

1917 - USS Magnolia sinks a German submarine to mark America's entry into World War I.

1921 - Government of Ireland Act goes into effect, separating the island into Southern and Northern Ireland, both with limited self-rule within Great Britain.

1927 - US actress Mae West is found guilty of indecent behaviour in her Broadway production Sex and jailed for 10 days.

1931 - Plane carrying first load of England-Australia airmail, crashes en route from England at Koepang, Sir Charles Kingsford Smith later "rescues" the airmail and flies it to Darwin.

1943 - Uprising of some 50,000 Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto against Nazis begins.

1956 - Prince Rainier of Monaco marries US film star Grace Kelly.

1966 - First Australian conscripts leave Sydney to fight in Vietnam.

1977 - Police in South Korea carry out nationwide round-up of political opponents of government.

1979 - In the Central African Empire, 150 children are massacred at the Ngaragba prison.

1989 - Death of British novelist Daphne du Maurier, author of Jamaica Inn and Rebecca.

1993 - More than 80 Branch Davidian cult members are killed when federal agents storm their compound in Waco, Texas, after a 51-day standoff.

1994 - A jury awards $US3.8 million to Rodney King, the African-American motorist beaten up by Los Angeles police officers.

1995 - A truck bomb destroys a government building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people and

2004 - Author and sport commentator Norris McWhirter, who founded Guinness World Records with his twin brother Ross, dies. He was 78.

2005 - Joseph Ratzinger of Germany appears on a Vatican balcony as the 265th pontiff, Benedict XVI.

2010 - Convicted gangland murderer Carl Williams, 39, dies at Barwon Prison after suffering head injuries in an assault by a fellow high-security unit inmate, Matthew Johnson.

2012 - Men At Work's Greg Ham is found dead at the age of 58 in his Melbourne home. He had been angry and embarrassed about a copyright controversy over the flute riff he played on the band's global hit Down Under.

2014 - The captain of the South Korean ferry that capsized and sank on April 16, leaving more than 300 missing or dead, is arrested on suspicion of negligence and abandoning people in need.

2015 - Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old man who had been arrested a week earlier by Baltimore Police, dies in hospital from spine injuries allegedly suffered in the police van. The death leads to riots and a state of emergency.

2016 - NT Chief Minister Adam Giles calls on the Aboriginal custodians of Uluru to consider a rethink of their disapproval in allowing tourists to climb.

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

Edward Pellew, English admiral (1758-1823); August Wilhelm Iffland, German dramatist (1759-1814); Jayne Mansfield, US actress (1932-1967); Dudley Moore, British comedian and actor (1935-2002); Lindsay Fox, Australian businessman (1937-); Tim Curry, British actor (1946-); Paul Reiffel, Australian cricketer (1966-); Ashley Judd, US actor (1968-); George Gregan, Australian rugby union player (1973-); Jason Gillespie, Australian cricketer (1975-); James Franco, US actor (1978-); Kate Hudson, US actor (1979-); Hayden Christensen, Canadian actor (1981-); Maria Sharapova, Russian tennis player (1987-).

THOUGHT FOR TODAY

We have enough religion to make us hate, but not enough to make us love one another. - Jonathan Swift, English satirist (1667-1745)