Oil-dependent Venezuela's crude output has dipped below two million barrels per day, its lowest level in nearly three decades, global producer group OPEC says.
The report could not have come at a worse time, with the economy in crisis and the socialist government struggling to pay its foreign debt. The government has opened talks with creditors to renegotiate its debt and avert a default that would plunge its economy into deeper trouble.
Compounding the situation, another six managers and employees of state oil company PDVSA in eastern Venezuela were arrested in recent days for fiddling production figures, two PDVSA sources said on Monday.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries' latest monthly data showed Venezuela reporting production of 1.955 million bpd in October, versus 2.085 million in September.
The figure was even lower based on secondary sources rather than what the government reports, at 1.863 million bpd in October, according to OPEC.
Venezuela depends on oil for more than 95 per cent of hard currency export revenues, fuelling both social welfare programs and payment on some $US60 billion ($A78.6 billion) of outstanding bonds.
PDVSA is the financial motor for President Nicolas Maduro's government, but has been suffering from the oil price drop, crippling operational problems, and internal corruption.
PDVSA did not confirm the latest arrests.
In a major corruption sweep engulfing the oil sector, about two dozen high-level executives have already been arrested in recent weeks, ridding PDVSA of much of its top brass.
Houston-based Latin American oil expert Francisco Monaldi said the latest monthly drop in Venezuela's oil production was "really extraordinary" and would likely only get worse.
"If we extrapolate to annual numbers, we'd be talking about a similar impact to what we saw during the 2002-03 strike," he said, referring to turbulent industrial action that hit the sector during the rule of Maduro's predecessor Hugo Chavez.
Even though OPEC does not publish historical data on output reported by members as far back as the 1980s, the last time Venezuela produced less than two million bpd was in 1989 according to Oil Ministry figures.
Venezuela's annual oil output was 2.373 million bpd in 2016 and 2.654 million in 2015, according to the data it gives OPEC.
Monaldi said the sector's key indicators - such as numbers of active rigs, exports, and crude quality - were all deteriorating at an "alarming" rate. Next year could see another 10 per cent fall in production, he said in an interview.
"And all of this when the country is trying to restructure its foreign debt and faces US sanctions," he added, referring to US President Donald Trump's measures aimed at preventing the Maduro government from contracting new debt.