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Wall St rallies, fuelled by tech bounce

Wall Street has closed sharply higher, fuelled by surging technology stocks as investors began an earnings-heavy week with a renewed enthusiasm for market-leading momentum stocks that were battered last year.

All three major stock indices extended Friday's gains, with the tech-heavy Nasdaq leading the pack, boosted by semiconductor shares.

"(Chips are) a group that's been depressed, so I'm not too surprised," said Peter Tuz, president of Chase Investment Counsel in Charlottesville, Virginia.

"We're going to see earnings from these companies over the next couple of weeks and that will be where the rubber meets the road."

"It's a group that was ripe for a rebound."

Monday's session marks a calm before the storm in a week jam-packed with high-profile earnings reports and crucial economic data.

Investors are all but certain the Federal Reserve will implement a bite-sized interest rate hike next week even as the US central bank remains committed to taming the hottest inflationary cycle in decades.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 254.07 points, or 0.76 per cent, to 33,629.56, the S&P 500 gained 47.2 points, or 1.19 per cent, to 4,019.81 and the Nasdaq Composite added 223.98 points, or 2.01 per cent, to 11,364.41.

Of the 11 major S&P 500 sectors, all but energy ended green, with tech shares enjoying the largest percentage gain, up 2.3 per cent on the session.

The fourth-quarter reporting season has shifted into overdrive, with 57 of the companies in the S&P 500 having posted results. Of those, 63 per cent have delivered better-than-expected earnings, according to Refinitiv.

This week, Microsoft Corp and Tesla Inc, along with a spate of heavy-hitting industrials including Boeing CO, 3M Co, Union Pacific Corp, Dow Inc , and Northrop Grumman Corp, will post quarterly results.

The Philadelphia SE semiconductor index jumped 5.0 per cent, its biggest one-day gain since November 30 after Barclays upgraded the sector to "overweight" from "equal weight".

Tesla surged 7.7 per cent after CEO Elon Musk took the stand in his fraud trial related to a tweet saying he had backing to take the electric car maker private.

Baker Hughes Co missed quarterly profit estimates due to inflation pressures and ongoing disruptions due to Russia's war on Ukraine. The oilfield services company's shares dipped 1.5 per cent.

Cloud-based software firm Salesforce Inc jumped 3.1 per cent following news that activist investor Elliot Management Corp has taken a multibillion-dollar stake in the company.

Spotify Technology SA joined the growing list of tech-related companies to announce impending job cuts, shedding 6.0 per cent of its workforce as rising interest rates and the looming possibility of recession continue to pressure growth stocks. The music streaming company's shares rose 2.1 per cent.

On the economic front, the US Commerce Department is expected to unveil its initial "advance" take on fourth-quarter GDP on Thursday, which analysts expect to land at 2.5 per cent.

On Friday, the wide-ranging personal consumption expenditures report is due to shed light on consumer spending, income growth, and crucially, inflation.