US stocks have ended a whipsaw session lower as investors fretted inflation could remain elevated for longer than expected, which could prompt the Federal Reserve to hike interest rates ever more aggressively.
All three major US stock indexes seesawed and the S&P 500 settled within striking distance of confirming it entered a bear market after swooning from its all-time high reached on January 3.
The indexes have gyrated wildly in recent sessions, often reversing initial rallies or sell-offs by the closing bell.
"These wild swings of upwards of 2.0 per cent up or down are extremely rare, and showcase a very fragile investor psyche for that amount of volatility to happen in such a short time frame," said Ryan Detrick, chief market strategist at LPL Financial in Charlotte, North Carolina.
"Continued concerns over inflation, which looks like it has peaked yet is staying stubbornly high, continues to concern investors, pushing the S&P to the brink of a bear market."
Market leading megacap names, which thrived in the low interest rate environment of the pandemic era, weighed the heaviest.
Market participants were digesting economic data, most recently the Producer Prices report released before the opening bell, which suggested price growth reached its zenith in March.
Even so, the Fed is expected to hike key interest rates by at least 50 basis points at least three times in the coming months in an effort to toss cold water on demand and rein in soaring prices.
The US Senate on Friday confirmed Jerome Powell for a second term as Fed Chairman.
The move "was widely expected and it opens the door for the Fed to continue to battle the 40-year inflation highs, with many more interest rate hikes likely coming this year," Detrick added.
Geopolitical tensions surrounding Russia's war on Ukraine were dialled up by Finland's announcement that it would apply for NATO membership, with Sweden expected to follow suit.
The Kremlin vowed to retaliate.
The conflict, dubbed by Russian President Vladimir Putin as a "special military operation," has fanned the flames of inflation by pressuring global energy and grain supplies.
The S&P 500 lost 4.21 points, or 0.09 per cent, to end at 3,931.48 points while the Nasdaq Composite gained 6.99 points, or 0.12 per cent, to 11,371.23 and the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 88.75 points, or 0.28 per cent, to 31,745.36.
Earnings season is nearing the final stretch, and according to the most recent data, 79 per cent of the S&P 500 companies that have posted results delivered better than expected earnings, according to Refinitiv.
Analysts now expect aggregate first-quarter S&P 500 earnings growth of 11 per cent, up from 6.4 per cent at quarter-end, per Refinitiv.
Shares of luxury accessories company Tapestry Inc surged after expressing confidence in a rebound in Chinese demand once COVID-19 restrictions are lifted.
Walt Disney Co dipped following the media company's disappointing quarterly report.