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HealthStream Announces Fourth Quarter & Full-Year 2023 Results; Increases Quarterly Dividend

NASHVILLE, Tenn., February 19, 2024--(BUSINESS WIRE)--HealthStream, Inc. (the "Company") (Nasdaq: HSTM), a leading healthcare technology platform for workforce solutions, announced today results for the fourth quarter and full-year ended December 31, 2023.

Fourth Quarter 2023

  • Revenues of $70.6 million, up 3% from $68.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2022

  • Operating income of $4.3 million, up 38% from $3.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2022

  • Net income of $4.6 million, up 87% from $2.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2022

  • Earnings per share (EPS) of $0.15 per share (diluted), up from $0.08 per share (diluted) in the fourth quarter of 2022

  • Adjusted EBITDA1 of $16.0 million, up 17% from $13.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2022

  • Board of Directors has declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.028 per share, an increase of 12% over the previous quarter’s dividend of $0.025 per share

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Full-Year 2023

  • Revenues of $279.1 million, up 5% from $266.8 million in 2022

  • Operating income of $16.0 million, up 29% from $12.4 million in 2022

  • Net income of $15.2 million, up 26% from $12.1 million in 2022

  • Earnings per share (EPS) of $0.50 per share (diluted) in 2023, compared to $0.39 per share (diluted) in 2022

  • Adjusted EBITDA of $61.3 million, up 15% from $53.4 million in 2022

1 Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net income and disclosure regarding why we believe adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to investors is included later in this release.

Financial Results:
Fourth Quarter 2023 Compared to Fourth Quarter 2022
Revenues for the fourth quarter of 2023 increased by $2.1 million, or three percent, to $70.6 million, compared to $68.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2022. Subscription revenues increased $2.6 million, or four percent, and professional services revenues declined by $0.5 million.

Operating income was $4.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, up 38% from $3.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2022. The improvement in operating income was primarily attributable to the growth in revenues, a reduction in labor costs, and an increase in labor capitalized for software development activities. Partially offsetting these improvements were higher costs for software, cloud hosting, sales commissions, and bad debt, and an increase in amortization associated with capitalized software. Other income during the fourth quarter of 2023 included a $0.4 million gain associated with the sale of a company in which we owned a minority equity interest.

Net income was $4.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, up 87% from $2.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2022, and EPS was $0.15 per share (diluted) in the fourth quarter of 2023, up from $0.08 per share (diluted) for the fourth quarter of 2022.

Adjusted EBITDA was $16.0 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, up 17 percent from $13.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2022.

At December 31, 2023, the Company had cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities of $71.1 million. Capital expenditures incurred during the fourth quarter of 2023 were $7.2 million.

Full-Year 2023 Compared to Full-Year 2022
For 2023, revenues were $279.1 million, an increase of five percent from revenues of $266.8 million for 2022. Operating income for 2023 increased by 29 percent to $16.0 million, compared to $12.4 million for 2022. The increase in operating income was primarily attributable to higher revenues and an increase in capitalized labor associated with software development activities. Operating income was also impacted by higher amortization, software, cloud hosting, commissions, royalties, travel, and bad debt expenses, as well as severance charges incurred during 2023 in connection with the Company’s restructuring under a single platform strategy. Net income for 2023 was $15.2 million, compared to $12.1 million for 2022. Earnings per share were $0.50 per share (diluted) for 2023, compared to $0.39 per share (diluted) for 2022. Adjusted EBITDA increased by 15 percent to $61.3 million for 2023, compared to $53.4 million for 2022.

Other Business Updates
As of December 31, 2023, we had approximately 5.79 million contracted subscriptions to hStream, our Platform-as-a-Service technology, which characterizes our single platform approach. By establishing interoperability, the hStream platform enables healthcare organizations and their respective workforces to easily connect to and gain value from the growing HealthStream ecosystem of applications, tools, and content.

On September 13, 2023, the Company announced a share repurchase program approved by the Company's Board of Directors under which the Company is authorized to repurchase of up to $10.0 million of its outstanding shares of common stock. Pursuant to this authorization, the Company has repurchased shares valued at $8.9 million through December 31, 2023, with $6.8 million repurchased during the fourth quarter. The share repurchase program is scheduled to terminate on the earlier of March 31, 2024 or when the maximum dollar amount has been expended. The share repurchase program does not require the Company to acquire any amount of shares and may be suspended, discontinued, or terminated at any time.

On February 19, 2024, the Board approved a quarterly cash dividend under the Company's dividend policy of $0.028 per share, reflecting an increase of 12% over the previous quarter’s dividend of $0.025 per share. The dividend is payable on March 22, 2024 to holders of record on March 11, 2024.

Financial Outlook for 2024
The Company is providing guidance for 2024 for the measures set forth below, including adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure as defined later in this release. For a reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA to projected net income (the most comparable GAAP measure) for 2024, see the table included on page nine of this release.

 

 

 

 

Full-Year 2024 Guidance

 

 

Low

 

High

Revenue

 

$

292.0

 

-

 

 

$

296.0

 

million

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA1

 

$

64.5

 

-

 

 

$

67.5

 

million

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital Expenditures

 

$

28.0

 

-

 

 

$

30.0

 

million

 

 

 

1 Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. A reconciliation of projected adjusted EBITDA to projected net income (the most comparable GAAP measure) is included later in this release.

The Company’s guidance for 2024 as set forth above reflects the Company’s assumptions regarding, among other things, expectations for new sales and renewals, and assumes that general economic conditions, including inflationary pressures, do not deteriorate. This consolidated guidance does not include the impact of any acquisitions that we may complete during 2024, gains or losses from changes in the fair value of minority investments, or impairment of long-lived assets.

Commenting on fourth quarter & full-year 2023 results, Robert A. Frist, Jr., Chief Executive Officer, HealthStream, said, "Our financial performance for full-year 2023 was strong. Compared to the prior year, in 2023 our revenues were up five percent, adjusted EBITDA was up 15 percent, operating income was up 29 percent, and net income was up 26 percent. Based on our projections and guidance, I believe we will set new records again in 2024."

"In 2023, we expanded our addressable market to include the nation’s nursing schools and their one million nursing students. Powered by advances in our hStream platform, we also launched new e-commerce capabilities, enabling us to make direct sales to physicians, nurses, and nursing students—where we saw early positive results. These exciting developments attest to the unique value proposition that HealthStream is delivering to customers."

A conference call with Robert A. Frist, Jr., Chief Executive Officer, Scott A. Roberts, Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President, and Mollie Condra, Vice President of Investor Relations and Corporate Communications, will be held on Tuesday, February 20, 2024, at 9:00 a.m. (ET). Participants may access the conference call live via webcast using this link: https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/wjbaqrsi. To participate via telephone, please register in advance using this link: : https://register.vevent.com/register/BI9a139cdfdfda40be87c2909549ffa8ce. A replay of the conference call and webcast will be archived on the Company’s website in the Investor Relations section under "Events & Presentations."

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This press release presents adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure used by management in analyzing the Company’s financial results and ongoing operational performance. In order to better assess the Company’s financial results, management believes that net income excluding the impact of the deferred revenue write-downs associated with fair value accounting for acquired businesses (as discussed in greater detail below) and before interest, income taxes, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, and changes in fair value of, including gains (losses) on the sale of, non-marketable equity investments ("adjusted EBITDA") is a useful measure for evaluating the operating performance of the Company because adjusted EBITDA reflects net income adjusted for certain GAAP accounting, non-cash and/or non-operating items which we believe, in any such case, are not fully reflective of the underlying operating performance of our business. We also believe that adjusted EBITDA is useful to investors to assess the Company’s ongoing operating performance and to compare the Company's operating performance between periods. In addition, short-term cash incentive bonuses and certain performance-based equity awards are based on the achievement of adjusted EBITDA (as defined in applicable bonus and equity grant documentation) targets.

As noted above, the definition of adjusted EBITDA includes an adjustment for the impact of the deferred revenue write-downs associated with fair value accounting for acquired businesses. Prior to the Company early adopting ASU 2021-08 effective January 1, 2022, following the completion of any acquisition by the Company, the Company was required to record the acquired deferred revenue at fair value as defined in GAAP, which typically resulted in a write-down of the acquired deferred revenue. When the Company was required to record a write-down of deferred revenue, it resulted in lower recognized revenue, operating income, and net income in subsequent periods. Revenue for any such acquired business was deferred and was typically recognized over a one-to-two-year period following the completion of any particular acquisition, so our GAAP revenues for this one-to-two-year period would not reflect the full amount of revenues that would have been reported if the acquired deferred revenue was not written down to fair value. Management believes that including an adjustment in the definition of adjusted EBITDA for the impact of the deferred write-downs associated with fair value accounting for businesses acquired prior to the January 1, 2022 effective date of the Company's adoption of ASU 2021-08 provides useful information to investors because the deferred revenue write-down recognized in periods after an acquisition may, given the nature of this non-cash accounting impact, cause our GAAP financial results during such periods to not fully reflect our underlying operating performance and thus adjusting for this amount may assist in comparing the Company’s results of operations between periods. Following the adoption of ASU 2021-08, contracts acquired in an acquisition completed on or after January 1, 2022 are measured as if the Company had originated the contract (rather than the contract being measured at fair value) such that, for such acquisitions, the Company no longer records deferred revenue write-downs associated with acquired businesses (for acquisitions completed prior to January 1, 2022, the Company continues to record deferred revenue write-downs associated with fair value accounting for periods on and after January 1, 2022 consistent with this prior standard). Through December 31, 2023, the Company continued to include an adjustment in the definition of adjusted EBITDA for the impact of deferred revenue write-downs from business acquired prior to January 1, 2022, given the impact of such deferred revenue on our financial results.

Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and should not be considered as a measure of financial performance under GAAP. Because adjusted EBITDA is not a measurement determined in accordance with GAAP, adjusted EBITDA is susceptible to varying calculations. Accordingly, adjusted EBITDA, as presented, may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies and has limitations as an analytical tool.

This non-GAAP financial measure should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial performance, which are prepared in accordance with GAAP. Investors are encouraged to review the reconciliations of adjusted EBITDA to net income (the most comparable GAAP measure), which is set forth below in this release.

About HealthStream
HealthStream (Nasdaq: HSTM) is the healthcare industry’s largest ecosystem of platform-delivered workforce solutions that empowers healthcare professionals to do what they do best: deliver excellence in patient care. For more information about HealthStream, visit www.healthstream.com or call 800-521-0574.

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
December 31,

 

Year Ended
December 31,

 

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

Revenues, net

 

$

70,580

 

$

68,536

 

$

279,063

 

$

266,826

Operating costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization)

 

 

24,010

 

 

23,536

 

 

95,021

 

 

91,143

Product development

 

 

11,929

 

 

11,807

 

 

45,540

 

 

44,277

Sales and marketing

 

 

11,418

 

 

11,494

 

 

45,743

 

 

44,146

Other general and administrative expenses

 

 

8,441

 

 

9,009

 

 

35,664

 

 

36,866

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

10,526

 

 

9,611

 

 

41,076

 

 

37,945

Total operating costs and expenses

 

 

66,324

 

 

65,457

 

 

263,044

 

 

254,377

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

 

4,256

 

 

3,079

 

 

16,019

 

 

12,449

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income, net

 

 

1,162

 

 

191

 

 

2,492

 

 

3,136

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income tax provision

 

 

5,418

 

 

3,270

 

 

18,511

 

 

15,585

Income tax provision

 

 

828

 

 

819

 

 

3,298

 

 

3,494

Net income

 

$

4,590

 

$

2,451

 

$

15,213

 

$

12,091

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.15

 

$

0.08

 

$

0.50

 

$

0.39

Diluted

 

$

0.15

 

$

0.08

 

$

0.50

 

$

0.39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

30,326

 

 

30,574

 

 

30,571

 

 

30,648

Diluted

 

 

30,489

 

 

30,717

 

 

30,673

 

 

30,717

Dividends declared per share

 

$

0.025

 

$

 

$

0.10

 

$

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

2023

 

2022

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

40,333

 

 

$

46,023

 

Marketable securities

 

 

30,800

 

 

 

7,885

 

Accounts and unbilled receivables, net

 

 

38,446

 

 

 

42,710

 

Prepaid and other current assets

 

 

20,631

 

 

 

17,759

 

Total current assets

 

 

130,210

 

 

 

114,377

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capitalized software development, net

 

 

40,643

 

 

 

37,118

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

13,005

 

 

 

15,483

 

Operating lease right of use assets, net

 

 

20,114

 

 

 

22,759

 

Goodwill and intangible assets, net

 

 

259,410

 

 

 

273,951

 

Deferred tax assets

 

 

246

 

 

 

383

 

Deferred commissions

 

 

31,700

 

 

 

28,344

 

Other assets

 

 

4,614

 

 

 

5,326

 

Total assets

 

$

499,942

 

 

$

497,741

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable, accrued, and other liabilities

 

$

34,738

 

 

$

37,744

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

83,623

 

 

 

79,469

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

118,361

 

 

 

117,213

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

16,132

 

 

 

17,996

 

Deferred revenue, noncurrent

 

 

2,169

 

 

 

2,937

 

Operating lease liability, noncurrent

 

 

20,247

 

 

 

23,321

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

2,281

 

 

 

2,210

 

Total liabilities

 

 

159,190

 

 

 

163,677

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock

 

 

249,075

 

 

 

254,832

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(691

)

 

 

(981

)

Retained earnings

 

 

92,368

 

 

 

80,213

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

340,752

 

 

 

334,064

 

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

 

$

499,942

 

 

$

497,741

 

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Year Ended

 

 

December 31,

 

December 31,

 

 

2023

 

2022

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

15,213

 

 

$

12,091

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

41,076

 

 

 

37,945

 

Amortization of deferred commissions

 

 

11,495

 

 

 

10,599

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

4,153

 

 

 

3,554

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

(1,725

)

 

 

710

 

Provision for credit losses

 

 

1,021

 

 

 

385

 

Gain on sale of fixed assets

 

 

 

 

 

(25

)

Loss on equity method investments

 

 

384

 

 

 

747

 

Change in fair value of non-marketable equity investments

 

 

(425

)

 

 

(3,596

)

Other

 

 

(891

)

 

 

3

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts and unbilled receivables

 

 

3,243

 

 

 

(7,770

)

Deferred commissions

 

 

(14,852

)

 

 

(14,931

)

Prepaid and other assets

 

 

(2,046

)

 

 

2,621

 

Accounts payable, accrued, and other liabilities

 

 

3,938

 

 

 

4,148

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

3,386

 

 

 

4,707

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

63,970

 

 

 

51,188

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Business combinations, net of cash acquired

 

 

(6,621

)

 

 

(3,965

)

Changes in marketable securities

 

 

(22,018

)

 

 

(2,842

)

Proceeds from sale of non-marketable equity investments

 

 

47

 

 

 

3,494

 

Proceeds from sale of fixed assets

 

 

 

 

 

26

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(2,200

)

 

 

(1,768

)

Payments associated with capitalized software development

 

 

(25,806

)

 

 

(23,334

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(56,598

)

 

 

(28,389

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Taxes paid related to net settlement of equity awards

 

 

(934

)

 

 

(565

)

Payment of debt issuance costs

 

 

(118

)

 

 

 

Repurchases of common stock

 

 

(8,929

)

 

 

(23,137

)

Payment of cash dividends

 

 

(3,058

)

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(13,039

)

 

 

(23,702

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(23

)

 

 

21

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(5,690

)

 

 

(882

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

46,023

 

 

 

46,905

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

40,333

 

 

$

46,023

 

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures(1)

Operating Results Summary

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
December 31,

 

Year Ended
December 31,

 

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

GAAP net income

 

$

4,590

 

 

$

2,451

 

 

$

15,213

 

 

$

12,091

 

Deferred revenue write-down

 

 

84

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

212

 

 

 

267

 

Interest income

 

 

(777

)

 

 

(289

)

 

 

(2,356

)

 

 

(444

)

Interest expense

 

 

26

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

124

 

 

 

132

 

Income tax provision

 

 

828

 

 

 

819

 

 

 

3,298

 

 

 

3,494

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

1,077

 

 

 

946

 

 

 

4,153

 

 

 

3,554

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

10,526

 

 

 

9,611

 

 

 

41,076

 

 

 

37,945

 

Change in fair value of non-marketable equity investments

 

 

(379

)

 

 

 

 

 

(425

)

 

 

(3,596

)

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

15,975

 

 

$

13,615

 

 

$

61,295

 

 

$

53,443

 

 

(1) This press release presents adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure used by management in analyzing its financial results and ongoing operational performance.

Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Financial Outlook for 2024

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Low

 

High

Net income

 

$

14,500

 

 

$

16,500

 

Interest income

 

 

(2,400

)

 

 

(2,600

)

Interest expense

 

 

100

 

 

 

100

 

Income tax provision

 

 

5,200

 

 

 

5,800

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

4,800

 

 

 

5,000

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

42,300

 

 

 

42,700

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

64,500

 

 

$

67,500

 

This press release includes certain forward-looking statements (statements other than solely with respect to historical fact), including statements regarding expectations for financial performance for 2024, our share repurchase program, and our quarterly dividend policy, that involve risks and uncertainties regarding HealthStream. These statements are based upon management’s beliefs, as well as assumptions made by and data currently available to management. This information has been, or in the future may be, included in reliance on the "safe harbor" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The Company cautions that forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements, including as a result of negative economic conditions, ongoing inflationary and recessionary pressures, geopolitical instability (including as the result of the Russia/Ukraine conflict, the conflict in the Middle East, and the potential expansion of such conflicts), legal requirements and contractual restrictions which may affect continuation of our quarterly cash dividend policy and the declaration and/or payment of dividends thereunder, which may be modified, suspended, or canceled in any manner and at any time that our Board may deem necessary or appropriate, legal requirements and contractual restrictions which may impact repurchases under our share repurchase program, as well as risks referenced in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, filed on February 28, 2023, the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, filed on October 26, 2023, and in the Company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time. Consequently, such forward-looking information should not be regarded as a representation or warranty or statement by the Company that such projections will be realized. Many of the factors that will determine the Company’s future results are beyond the ability of the Company to control or predict. Readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect management’s views only as of the date hereof. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any such forward-looking statements.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20240219837664/en/

Contacts

Scott A. Roberts
Chief Financial Officer
(615) 301-3182
ir@healthstream.com

Media:
Mollie Condra, Ph.D.
Vice President,
Investor Relations &
Communications
(615) 301-3237
mollie.condra@healthstream.com