The Crude Steel Market was valued at over USD 1,340,036. 18 million in 2021 and is projected to register a CAGR of 1. 56%, in terms of revenue, during the forecast period (2022-2027). In 2021 the demand for Crude steel has increased due to an increase in demand in various industries such as Construction, Tools and Machinery, Energy, Transportation, and others.
New York, May 19, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Reportlinker.com announces the release of the report "Crude Steel Market | Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2022 - 2027)" - https://www.reportlinker.com/p06279508/?utm_source=GNW
According to the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d’Automobiles (OICA), in 2021, around 80.15 million vehicles were produced across the globe, witnessing a growth rate of 3% compared to ~77.71 million vehicles in 2020, thereby, enhanced the consumption of crude steel from the manufacturing of different automotive parts.
Over the short term, increasing demand from the building and construction industry and recovering automotive production are likely to drive the market’s growth.
On the flipside, depleting natural resources and the availability of substitutes are likely to hinder the growth of the studied market.
Growing trend of circular economy is likley to act as opportunity for the studied market.
The Asia-Pacific region is expected to dominate the market across the world, with the largest consumption from countries such as China and India.
Key Market Trends
Increasing Demand from the Building and Construction Industry
Steel, along with its alloys, is one of the most common metals used across the world in the construction sector. Buildings from houses to car parks to schools and skyscrapers, all rely on steel for their strength.
Steel is also used on roofs and as cladding for exterior walls. Products, such as roofing, purlins, internal walls, ceilings, cladding, and insulating panels for exterior walls, are made up of steel.
Steel is also found in many non-structural applications in buildings, such as heating and cooling equipment and interior ducting.
Internal fixtures and fittings, such as rails, shelving, and stairs, are also made of steel, and it provides a strong and stiff frame to the building
Steel in the form of Rebar is used to provide support and resistance to design loads. It also plays a vital role in reducing the chances of cracking and risks of temperature-induced stresses. This may help the structure/ building to remain firm and also increase its overall lifespan.
According to the United Nations (UN), around 50% of the global population resides in urban cities, which is projected to touch 60%, by 2030. The pace of economic and demographic growth must be in harmony with the demand for commercial, residential, and institutional construction activities. By 2030, around 40% of the global population is likely to need housing at the rate of over 96,150 houses per day. Hence, with the growth of the residential sector, the use of steel is likely to increase.
The construction industry in Asia-Pacific is expected to become the largest and fastest-growing industry across the world, with approximately a 45% share of global construction spending coming from the region.
According to China’s Five-Year Plan unveiled in January 2022, the construction industry in the country is estimated to register a growth rate of 6% in 2022. China is planning to increase the construction of prefabricated buildings to reduce pollution and waste from construction sites. The prefabricated parts, which are either partially or wholly manufactured and then transported to the construction sites for assembly, may account for over 30% of the new construction in the country.
Furthermore, in United States, according to the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae), in the United States the residential house construction, including privately?owned housing units authorized by building permits in January, was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,899,000. This is 0.7% above the revised December rate of 1,885,000 and is 0.8% above the January 2021 rate of 1,883,000.
Moreover, privately?owned housing starts in January were at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1,638,000. This is 4.1% below the revised December estimate of 1,708,000 but is 0.8% above the January 2021 rate of 1,625,000. The January rate for units in buildings with five units or more was 510,000.
According to the American Institute of Architects, the overall nonresidential building construction in the United States is expected to grow to 3.1% in 2022. The construction of hotels is expected to rise by 8.8% in 2022 and of office spaces by 0.1%. The subsequent increase is expected to enhance the growth of the steel market in the forecast period.
Therefore, such industry trends are expected to simultaneously drive the demand for steel in the building and construction sector.
The Asia-Pacific Region to Dominate the Market
The Asia-Pacific region has experienced favorable growth in the crude steel industry in countries like China and India holding significant consumption shares.
China is the largest producer of crude steel globally. According to the World Steel Association, in 2021, China accounted for more than 50% of global production. In 2021, the country’s annual production capacity of crude steel stood at 1,032.8 million tons, declining by 3% compared to 1064.7 million tons produced in 2020. The strong growth of steel production in the country was due to the growing demand from various end-user industries.
Furthermore, in the first quarter of 2022, crude steel production declined by 10.5% to 243.4 million tons, whereas 88.3 million tons were produced in March alone.
The expansion of the automotive segment in China is anticipated to benefit the demand for crude steel. According to the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), China is the largest producer of automobiles, accounting for about 32.5% of the global volume. The country alone produced 2,60,82,220-unit vehicles in 2021, registering an increase of 3% compared to 25,225,242 units in 2020.
Moreover, the Chinese airline companies are planning to purchase about 7,690 new aircraft in the next 20 years, valued at approximately USD 1.2 trillion, further expected to raise the market demand for the crude steel market.
India is the second-largest producer of steel globally, with 118.1 million ton of crude steel in 2021, registering an increase of 17.8% compared to 100.3 million ton produced in 2020. The favorable factors account for the easy availability of low-cost manpower and abundant iron ore reserves.
Furthermore, according to World Steel Association, in the first quarter of 2022, the production capacity of crude steel stood at 31.9 million ton, registering an increase of 5.9% compared to the same period last year.
As per the reports by the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, SIAM, the country produced 4,399,112 units of passenger cars and light vehicles in 2021. Moreover, the government’s reforms, such as "Aatma Nirbhar Bharat"and "Make in India"programs, are expected to boost the automotive industry.
According to IATA (International Air Transport Association) report, India is poised to become the third-largest aviation market globally by the end of the forecast period. The country is projected to have a demand for 2,100 aircraft over the next two decades, accounting for over USD 290 billion in sales. ?Due to these factors, the demand for crude steel from the aerospace sector is expected to rise in the future.
Therefore, all the above mentioned factors are likley to significantly impact the demand for market studied, through the years to come.
The market studied stands to be fragmented in nature, with moderately high competition among the market players to increase their share in the market. Some of the key companies in the market include China BaoWu Steel Group Corporation Limited, ArcelorMittal, Nippon Steel Corporation, HBIS GROUP, and Shagang Group, among others.
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